The functionality of modern lighting devices makes their use convenient and high-quality, but the aesthetic characteristics of such designs are also important. With the correct selection and location, spotlights for plasterboard ceilings will highlight the individuality of the design of any apartment.
Features of point lighting in the interior
Effective allocation of work zones and rest zones with the help of point lighting is carried out by designing the ceiling and the direction of light. Bright, diffuse lighting can qualitatively divide the room into functional zones, such as kitchens or bedrooms, creating additional coziness or a strict, working environment.
The selection of ceiling lighting options is carried out individually, based on the parameters of the room, functional purpose and design. For example, in the hallway, a number of spotlights are effectively used, which have the ability to adjust the angles of turns.
If there is a selection for the bedroom, then the best option will be combined, a successful combination with night lamps or sconces, without bright and saturated light. The versatility of plasterboard ceilings and spotlights makes it possible to successfully combine many options.
Types of spotlights
For plasterboard ceilings, you can find a huge number of types of lamps that will fit into the design and emphasize its individual elements. The market offers a wide range of spotlights for plasterboard ceilings, the choice of which depends on many parameters, voltage, type of lamp itself, reversibility of the structure.
These are non-critical differences in terms of operation, but they have predominant features in terms of design, intended use and the number of points to be installed on the plasterboard ceiling. Based on the features of the chosen type of lamp and the projects of lighting schemes, the optimal option is selected.
There are several types of spotlights that need to be connected to a voltage network: 220V, 12V and 3V. Their work is correlated with the current driver, and during the installation process, the connection diagram assumes exactly the type of lamp. Voltage reduction is carried out with the use of a transformer, for spotlights the driver will be used as the main functional equipment.
The structural design of spot ceiling lights is divided into several types:
- irreversible structures. They are performed and mounted stationary, there is no possibility of changing the direction of lighting;
- rotating spotlights. In such models, it is possible to change the lighting angle at will, which is convenient for zoning the room;
- open type. It is advantageous to use in ordinary rooms and living rooms, as they are not protected from the effects of high humidity;
- closed type. Functionally, they can be used in bathrooms, showers, swimming pools or in the kitchen, their design provides increased protection against the effects of a wet environment.
All proposed types and types of point structures are classified depending on the degree of protection against dust and moisture, which allows you to choose the most effective device and use it for its intended purpose.
Types of lamps in spot lighting
According to the types of lamps that are connected to the lamps, the following types can be distinguished for plasterboard ceilings:
- Incandescent lamp. Classic devices that do not require unique devices in the connection process are not always convenient, as their height increases the gap between the ceiling and the plasterboard structure. They require the implementation of additional safety measures due to heating during operation. At the same time, such lamps are inexpensive and do not require complex installation and additional maintenance measures.
- Energy-saving or fluorescent lamp. They are distinguished by the cheapness and simplicity of the installation process, in which a dimmer is used, which contributes to the comfortable distribution of light flows and the reproduction of light zoning with different lighting intensities. They have increased energy-saving properties, but retain the dimensions of incandescent lamps when installed in a plasterboard ceiling. The design features of these spotlights allow operation in open mode. This appearance does not always aesthetically fit into the design of the room.
- Halogen light source. The most common type of lamps used in plasterboard ceiling coverings. Such popularity is provided by the effective ratio of the amount of electricity consumed and the quality of lighting obtained. The frame for halogen types of lamps no more than 4 cm contributes to a slight decrease in the plasterboard ceiling frame. The design uses a step-down transformer, which produces a voltage of no more than 12V.
Halogen lamps are able to emit a directed flow of light, with high efficiency, which allows to include a larger number of spotlights in the lighting scheme.
- LED lamp. A modern and technological option that is gaining popularity and is in the greatest demand among consumers. LEDs are semiconductors with minimal electricity consumption and possible options for the color design of the light stream. They are quite expensive. Due to reliability and high operational characteristics, the ability to significantly save energy resources continues to occupy a leading position in the market of lighting devices.
The variety and wide range of offered lighting systems with the use of spotlights for plasterboard ceilings allows you to choose the most optimal option for any room or apartment. Based on the methods of installation, technical parameters and unique properties and characteristics, the lighting system is selected according to the planned scheme, which is suitable for the design and decor.
The organization of high-quality combined lighting with several tiers and the ability to adjust the light flow and its intensity will allow you to adjust the parameters to your needs and wishes. The variability and versatility of such complexes make it possible to zone and distribute functional light within each room.
The process of installing spotlights in plasterboard ceilings should be approached very carefully. If possible, entrust it to professionals. The following tools and materials will be needed:
- electric cable. The cross-section of the cable should be 1.5 mm 2, and the length depends on the dilution and lighting scheme;
- terminal blocks. They are used in the process of connecting cables;
- copper sleeves. With their use, twists are pressed;
- step-down transformers. Without them, it is impossible to connect halogen lamps, the power is selected based on the total power of the connected spotlights;
- current driver. They will be needed when using the LED type of lamps in the lighting scheme, with a sufficient supply of current.
The choice of connection type depends on the advantages and disadvantages of the options. So, with a serial connection, there is a possibility that if one lamp breaks, all the others will also stop working.
If a parallel connection system is chosen, then a separate driver should be prepared for each lamp.
Spot lighting for plasterboard can be selected in a variety of ways, depending on the interior design and personal preferences. If you correctly combine several types of lamps, you can achieve effective lighting with several levels of illumination and selection of zones.
A successful combination of different types of lamps can effectively organize the lighting of a room with several levels of illumination.
This option will add originality to any design. And if you change the degree of illumination and the intensity of the light flow, you will be able to save electricity by working in energy saving mode.
Keep in mind that the process of installing multi-level systems can be quite time-consuming and complicated. Therefore, at some stages, it may involve electricians or installers.
If you have basic skills and read specialized literature, you can install it yourself, observing safety measures. Safety techniques are important when working not only with lighting devices, but also with wires and coils. It is necessary to observe the basic principles of labor protection.